Born in Iran in 1965, Tirafkan trained as a photographer at the University of Fine Arts in Tehran. Since the late 1980s, he has participated in numerous solo exhibitions and group shows, primarily in Tehran and Paris. His works are in the collections of several museums including the Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, British Museum, Brooklyn Museum and the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Tirafkan employs different media in his work: photography, video installation, and collage. Tirafkan's work includes “Manhood”, which deals with the perception of masculinity in Persian culture. Other projects such as “Persepolis”, “Ashoura”, “Secret of Words” , “Iranian Man”, “Whispers of the East”, “The Loss of Our Identity”, “Multitude” and “Devotion” deal with Iranian history, identity, sociopolitical, religious and gender issues.